Laparoscopic surgery, also called minimally invasive surgery (MIS), or keyhole surgery is a modern surgical technique in which operations are performed far from their location through small incisions (usually 0.5–1.5 cm) elsewhere in the body. Many conditions can contribute to infertility including fibroids, endometriosis, pelvic adhesions (scar tissue in the pelvis) and uterine anomalies such as a uterine septum and adhesions (scar tissue inside the uterus – Asherman’s syndrome). They can be treated by fertility enhancing laparoscopic surgeries.
There are a number of advantages to the patient with laparoscopic surgery versus an open procedure. These include:
- Reduced bleeding, which reduces the chance of needing a blood transfusion.
- Smaller incision, which reduces pain and shortens recovery time, as well as resulting in less post-operative scarring.